The choice of transportation mode can have a significant impact on both the economy, reducing or increasing travel costs, and the environment, decreasing or increasing vehicle traffic and emissions.

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Carpooling is presented as a sustainable and economically efficient solution in the realm of shared mobility. It contributes to reducing environmental impact and alleviating traffic congestion, while also fostering solidarity and interaction among individuals who opt for this type of transportation.

Typically, the vehicle used in carpooling belongs to one of the participants, who acts as the driver and shares available seats with other passengers. The driver receives a financial contribution from passengers to cover expenses such as fuel and maintenance.

Carpooling encompasses various options that adapt to participants’ preferences and circumstances. In some carpooling groups, drivers take turns driving, while in others, a single participant is the driver and owner of the shared vehicle, with other passengers covering expenses.

Socioeconomic benefits include affordable mobility for all and a reduction in traffic intensity, as well as door-to-door service and other advantages such as reduced traffic accidents, congestion, and travel time. Environmental benefits are evident in the reduction of CO2 emissions and energy consumption. In terms of traffic, carpooling promotes better utilization of road networks and improves circulation for public transportation, while also encouraging intermodality.

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